Sir Lloyd Ersk­ine San­di­ford (1937 – present)

Erskine Sandiford 091
Sir Lloyd Ersk­ine San­di­ford was born in the parish of St. Michael, Bar­ba­dos on March 24
th, 1937, and attended the All Saints Boys’ School. He attended the Coleridge and Parry Sec­ondary School, but then com­pleted his sec­ondary school edu­ca­tion at Har­ri­son Col­lege. From there, he went on to study at the Uni­ver­sity of the West Indies in Jamaica, serv­ing as pres­i­dent of the guild in 1954. He received his Bach­e­lor of Arts in Eng­lish here and later his Mas­ters in Eco­nom­ics and Social Stud­ies from the Uni­ver­sity of Manchester.

After com­plet­ing his stud­ies, Sir Lloyd returned to Bar­ba­dos and joined the Demo­c­ra­tic Labour Party (DLP). In 1967, after Bar­ba­dos had gained its inde­pen­dence, he was appointed to the Sen­ate. He later vacated his post in the Sen­ate to run in the 1971 elec­tions, where he won a seat in the House of Assem­bly. San­di­ford, under the lead­er­ship of Errol Bar­row, the then Prime Min­is­ter and leader of his party, served in many cab­i­net posi­tions includ­ing Min­is­ter of Edu­ca­tion and Min­is­ter of Eco­nomic Affairs and Tourism. When Bar­row won the 1986 elec­tion, Sir Lloyd was appointed as his deputy. Thus, when Bar­row died sud­denly in 1987, he was appointed Prime Min­is­ter for the remain­der of that term, and also led the DLP to vic­tory in the next elec­tions held in 1991.

How­ever, despite serv­ing two terms, his run in office had its hic­cups. In 1994, a no con­fi­dence motion was brought against him. This was no ordi­nary motion, as 4 mem­bers of his own party broke ranks and voted in sup­port of the no con­fi­dence motion against him. There were increas­ing out­cries about his lead­er­ship style among mem­bers of his own party, but it all came to a head when he con­tro­ver­sially appointed a chief exec­u­tive offi­cer to the Bar­ba­dos Tourism Author­ity (BTA). Owen Arthur, the leader of the oppo­si­tion at the time, said:

Ersk­ine San­di­ford is no longer fit to be Prime Min­is­ter of Bar­ba­dos. His actions have destroyed the cred­i­bil­ity and author­ity attached to the office of Prime Min­is­ter. In the cir­cum­stances, the Bar­ba­dos Labour Party will, as a mat­ter of urgency, intro­duce into Par­lia­ment a motion of no con­fi­dence in the Prime Min­is­ter.

San­di­ford, after nar­rowly win­ning the vote (the required 15 votes to pass the no con­fi­dence motion was not met) called elec­tions pre­ma­turely, two years before they were due, but he lost to the Owen Arthur admin­is­tra­tion of the BLP. Despite los­ing, he remained in par­lia­ment until 1999.

Sir Lloyd also had a keen inter­est in edu­ca­tion. As such, he estab­lished both the Bar­ba­dos Com­mu­nity Col­lege (where he taught eco­nom­ics and Caribbean Pol­i­tics after he left Par­lia­ment) and the Samuel Jack­man Prescod Polytechnic.

Awards and Accomplishments

  • Made a Knight of St. Andrew (KA) of the Order of Bar­ba­dos (2000)
  • Became Ambas­sador to China (2009), becom­ing the first Bar­ba­dian Prime Min­is­ter to be appointed Ambas­sador to a for­eign country
  • Sir LloydThe Sher­bourne Con­fer­ence Cen­tre was renamed the Sir Lloyd Ersk­ine San­di­ford Cen­tre in 2008. This was fit­ting as the cre­ation of the Sher­bourne Con­fer­ence Cen­ter was Sir Lloyd’s idea.
  • Served as Prime Min­is­ter from 1987 to 1994
  • Mem­ber of Bar­ba­dos’ first del­e­ga­tion to the United Nations Gen­eral Assem­bly in New York
  • Mem­ber of the Global Peace Council
  • Dis­tin­guished Fel­low (Regional Inte­gra­tion & Pub­lic Pol­icy), Sir Arthur Lewis Insti­tute of Social and Eco­nomic Stud­ies, Cave Hill Cam­pus, Uni­ver­sity of the West Indies
  • Recip­i­ent of an hon­orary LLD at UWI’s Cave Hill Cam­pus (2009)

Pub­li­ca­tions

Sir Lloyd sought to mold the young polit­i­cal minds for the future through his teach­ing. To aid in this, he also wrote sev­eral works including:

  • The Essence of Eco­nom­ics: An Intro­duc­tory Text (1998)
  • The Role of the Pri­vate Sec­tor in the Struc­tural Adjust­ment Process (chap­ter) in the book Busi­ness, Gov­ern­ment and Soci­ety (1994)
  • Pol­i­tics and Soci­ety in Bar­ba­dos and the Caribbean: An Intro­duc­tion (2000)
  • Fight­ing for the Just Soci­ety: An Auto­bi­o­graph­i­cal Note (2011)

Despite the rather stormy end to his reign as Prime Min­is­ter, Sir Lloyd Ersk­ine San­di­ford has con­tributed greatly to the Bar­ba­dian soci­ety, most notably in his estab­lish­ment of two ter­tiary insti­tu­tions. For this alone, he deserves to be remem­bered fondly.

© Photo 1 taken from Caribbean​elec​tions​.com
© Photo 2 taken from Design​col​lab​o​ra​tive​.net
© Arti­cle of caribbe​an​dreams​magazine​.com



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